Background

The land of Somali (Somalia) is located at the horn of Africa. It was formerly known as the Somali Democratic Republic and was colonized by Italy in 1889 when it was declared to be a state in Italian East Africa. It is an Islamic country whose borders include; Indian Ocean, Kenya, Ethiopia as well the Red Sea. In antiquity, Somali people have a long history that dates back to approximately 5000 years ago (Mire, 2007). Somali people were known to be merchants because of their active role in the international trade using the Arabian Sea, Indian Ocean as well as the Gulf of Aden as the trade routes. Somali people are majorly Muslims from the family of Cushitic Afro-Asiatic origin and their official languages are Somali and Arabic. Additionally, they share many things in common, for example, the language, as well as religion. Somalis are classified into some ethnic classes in which significant roles of both politics and culture are played. Most importantly, their culture is very diverse due to amalgamated traditions which were independently established over time. This Somali culture is significantly impacted by the different civilizations from other nations like Egypt, India, Asia as well as Arabian Peninsula (Mire, 2007).

            Notably, the significant features of Somali culture are reflected on how they live their lives. They are worriers and mostly nomadic (keep camels, cows, and goats). It is due to this nomadic lifestyle that most of them do not have permanent houses or structures. In this regard, they erect temporary housings because they are always on the move in search of pasture for their livestock. At the same time, some of the Somali clans have a vibrant history regarding pottery, architecture as well as wood carvings. These cultural components are noticeable especially during the festivals, dressings, martial arts as well as sports. However, during western civilisation, most of the Somalis especially those living in the neighbouring countries like Kenya have been significantly influenced. Regarding linguistics, they speak Somali, a significant form of Afro-Asiatic language (Mire, 2007). However, this language is inclusive and every state within the horn of Africa is well aware of it.